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Baume & Mercier automatic chronograph
TOP
Baume & Mercier automatic chronograph
Rp. 58,835,992
Seller
i monili di Gaspare Aprile srl
10
IT
Breguet Classique La Musical 7800BB/11/9YV
TOP
Breguet Classique La Musical 7800BB/11/9YV
Rp. 936,589,376
Free shipping
Seller
Watches & Jewellery of Bond Street Ltd
235
UK
Richard Mille RM 011 03 Rose Gold TI
TOP
Richard Mille RM 011 03 Rose Gold TI
Rp. 3,540,101,376
Free shipping
Seller
Express Watches
6
US
Mb&f HM 4 THUNDERBOLT RT
TOP
Mb&f HM 4 THUNDERBOLT RT
Rp. 2,308,771,840
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Private Seller
ID
Ulysse Nardin Maxi Marine Diver Black sea Chrono
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Maxi Marine Diver Black sea Chrono
Rp. 158,726,992
Seller
CANTELI JOYEROS SL
13
ES
Zenith PILOT AERONEF 48 MM TYPE XX TOURBILLON
TOP
Zenith PILOT AERONEF 48 MM TYPE XX TOURBILLON
Rp. 719,086,784
Seller
ZEGG & CERLATI
53
MC
Breitling Crosswind
Breitling Crosswind
Rp. 40,000,000
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Timeology.co.id
ID
Tudor HERITAGE BLACK BAY DARK 79230DK
TOP
Tudor HERITAGE BLACK BAY DARK 79230DK
Rp. 53,307,300
Free shipping
Seller
Plus Watch - Luxury Watches
2982
IT
Mb&f HM6 Space Pirate RT
TOP
Mb&f HM6 Space Pirate RT
Rp. 2,308,771,840
Seller
Private Seller
ID
Seiko Automatic Chronograph
Seiko Automatic Chronograph
Rp. 6,926,316
Seller
Private Seller
ID
Rolex Daytona
Rolex Daytona
Rp. 330,923,968
Seller
Private Seller
ID
Rolex GMT-Master II
Rolex GMT-Master II
Rp. 265,977,536
Seller
Private Seller
ID
Richard Mille RM 011 Ivory
TOP
Richard Mille RM 011 Ivory
Rp. 3,078,347,008
Free shipping
Seller
Express Watches
6
US
Ulysse Nardin Marine Diver  Black Sea Blue Dial
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Marine Diver Black Sea Blue Dial
Rp. 102,548,344
Seller
CANTELI JOYEROS SL
13
ES
Zenith EL PRIMERO CHRONOMASTER 1969
TOP
Zenith EL PRIMERO CHRONOMASTER 1969
Rp. 224,714,624
Seller
ZEGG & CERLATI
53
MC
Omega Constellation 1966 vintage watch 712 automatic chronometer
TOP
Omega Constellation 1966 vintage watch 712 automatic chronometer
Rp. 20,340,278
Seller
Fine Auction Club
214
UK
Seiko PROSPEX SRPC95K1 aka Nemo Asia Limited Special Edition...
Seiko PROSPEX SRPC95K1 aka Nemo Asia Limited Special Edition...
Rp. 7,618,948
Seller
Private Seller
ID
TAG Heuer Grand Carrera
TAG Heuer Grand Carrera
Rp. 47,500,000
Seller
Private Seller
ID
Omega CONSTELLATION OMEGA CO-AXIAL 38 MM ROSE GOLD
TOP
Omega CONSTELLATION OMEGA CO-AXIAL 38 MM ROSE GOLD
Rp. 192,951,392
Seller
Plus Watch - Luxury Watches
2982
IT
Rolex GMT Master II NEW 126710 BLRO "Pepsi"
TOP
Rolex GMT Master II NEW 126710 BLRO "Pepsi"
Rp. 284,460,160
Seller
Filipucci Juweliers
449
NL
Longines Master Collection - Gold/Steel 'Diamonds Collection'
TOP
Longines Master Collection - Gold/Steel 'Diamonds Collection'
Rp. 24,968,292
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
184
NL
Chopard Tycoon Two o Ten Rose Gold With Diamonds
TOP
Chopard Tycoon Two o Ten Rose Gold With Diamonds
Rp. 177,453,216
Seller
Juwelier Burger, since 2001
760
NL
Ulysse Nardin Marine Chronograph
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Marine Chronograph
Rp. 141,784,224
Seller
CANTELI JOYEROS SL
13
ES
Zenith Pilot Type 20 Tourbillon Diamonds
TOP
Zenith Pilot Type 20 Tourbillon Diamonds
Rp. 2,017,081,216
Seller
ZEGG & CERLATI
53
MC
IWC vintage automatic Cal 854B Stainless Steel 1971
TOP
IWC vintage automatic Cal 854B Stainless Steel 1971
Rp. 23,167,008
Seller
qualityextra
14
HU
Rolex 14K Yellow Gold DATE Custom Ox Blood Diamond Dial & Bezel
TOP
Rolex 14K Yellow Gold DATE Custom Ox Blood Diamond Dial & Bezel
Rp. 70,725,376
Seller
Austins Watches Inc.
210
US
Zenith Defy El Primero 21
TOP
Zenith Defy El Primero 21
Rp. 164,255,680
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WatchesofMayfair.com
467
UK
Seiko Presage Cocktail Limited Edition SSA361J1 Automatic
Seiko Presage Cocktail Limited Edition SSA361J1 Automatic
Rp. 9,819,977
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JAMWATCHES
ID
Rolex GMT Master II BLNR NEW 116710BLNR
TOP
Rolex GMT Master II BLNR NEW 116710BLNR
Rp. 182,803,568
Seller
Filipucci Juweliers
449
NL
Gérald Genta Arena Sport Retro SSPL10 Men's Watch - Papers
TOP
Gérald Genta Arena Sport Retro SSPL10 Men's Watch - Papers
Rp. 46,369,684
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
184
NL
Rolex Ladies TT Oyster Perpetual - Mother Of Pearl Diamond...
TOP
Rolex Ladies TT Oyster Perpetual - Mother Of Pearl Diamond...
Rp. 49,176,844
Free shipping
Seller
LovinTyme
98
US
Breguet Classique Automatico Brillantes
TOP
Breguet Classique Automatico Brillantes
Rp. 230,956,688
Seller
Fernando Monge SA
131
ES
Zenith EL PRIMERO TOURBILLON
TOP
Zenith EL PRIMERO TOURBILLON
Rp. 564,461,760
Seller
ZEGG & CERLATI
53
MC
Montblanc Gabiddu Grand Chronographe Régulateur
TOP
Montblanc Gabiddu Grand Chronographe Régulateur
Rp. 701,286,464
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Taleda
400
CH
Chopard Mille Miglia Monaco Historique 2010 box & papers complete
TOP
Chopard Mille Miglia Monaco Historique 2010 box & papers complete
Rp. 73,196,496
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Vintage & Prestige
23
UK
Cartier Ballon Bleu De Cartier Watch
TOP
Cartier Ballon Bleu De Cartier Watch
Rp. 106,115,240
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WatchesofMayfair.com
467
UK
Seiko Prospex SRPC93 Samurai Save The Ocean Special Edition
Seiko Prospex SRPC93 Samurai Save The Ocean Special Edition
Rp. 6,541,520
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JAMWATCHES
ID
Omega Constellation
TOP
Omega Constellation
Rp. 112,985,040
Seller
Plus Ultra AG
 
CH
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master GMT Compressor Diving - Box & inhouse...
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master GMT Compressor Diving - Box & inhouse...
Rp. 93,631,096
Free shipping
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Pawndeluxe
184
NL
Rolex Ladies TT Oyster Perpetual - Mother Of Pearl Diamond...
TOP
Rolex Ladies TT Oyster Perpetual - Mother Of Pearl Diamond...
Rp. 49,176,844
Free shipping
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LovinTyme
98
US
JeanRichard Paramount Pack 3 watches
TOP
JeanRichard Paramount Pack 3 watches
Rp. 334,396,768
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Fernando Monge SA
131
ES
Hamilton Pan Europ
TOP
Hamilton Pan Europ
Rp. 14,354,250
Seller
WatchNation Limited
94
UK
Audemars Piguet Jules Audemars Equation of Time
TOP
Audemars Piguet Jules Audemars Equation of Time
Rp. 945,228,160
Free shipping
Seller
superstudio
 
CH
Omega chronometer rated cal 333 RG
TOP
Omega chronometer rated cal 333 RG
Rp. 52,835,856
Seller
The Watch Collector Ltd.
84
UK
Jaeger-LeCoultre Polaris Date 42 mm
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Polaris Date 42 mm
Rp. 118,777,728
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
467
UK
Seiko Presage SSA346J1 Sidecar Cocktail Automatic
Seiko Presage SSA346J1 Sidecar Cocktail Automatic
Rp. 6,741,614
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JAMWATCHES
ID
Rolex Oyster Perpetual Date, Full Set
TOP
Rolex Oyster Perpetual Date, Full Set
Rp. 128,569,184
Seller
Plus Ultra AG
 
CH
Chaumet Dandy Paris XL W1167026B - Box & inhouse certificate
TOP
Chaumet Dandy Paris XL W1167026B - Box & inhouse certificate
Rp. 33,885,536
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
184
NL
Rolex Ladies SS Oyster Perpetual - Blue Vignette Diamond Dial...
TOP
Rolex Ladies SS Oyster Perpetual - Blue Vignette Diamond Dial...
Rp. 44,559,300
Free shipping
Seller
LovinTyme
98
US
Chopard Classic diamonds rose gold
TOP
Chopard Classic diamonds rose gold
Rp. 133,758,704
Seller
Fernando Monge SA
131
ES
Patek Philippe Nautilus 3700-001 Beyer-signed
TOP
Patek Philippe Nautilus 3700-001 Beyer-signed
Rp. 2,239,670,016
Free shipping
Seller
A Collected Man
12
UK
Rolex GMT-Master II 116759SARU june 2020 Rolex warranty
TOP
Rolex GMT-Master II 116759SARU june 2020 Rolex warranty
Rp. 1,141,407,616
Seller
MMC RIVIERA
6
MC
Nomos Ahoi Date - refurbished
Straight from the manufacturer
Nomos Ahoi Date - refurbished
Rp. 52,968,444
BrandBoutique Member
NOMOS Glashütte
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso Classic Small Duetto Stainless Steel...
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso Classic Small Duetto Stainless Steel...
Rp. 116,459,240
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
467
UK
Seiko Prospex Samurai Blue Lagoon SRPB09K Limited Edition
Seiko Prospex Samurai Blue Lagoon SRPB09K Limited Edition
Rp. 10,743,486
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JAMWATCHES
ID
Gérald Genta Perpetual Calendar Automatic, Rare
TOP
Gérald Genta Perpetual Calendar Automatic, Rare
Rp. 124,673,152
Seller
Plus Ultra AG
 
CH
Glashütte Original Senator Power Reserve Moonphase - Box &...
TOP
Glashütte Original Senator Power Reserve Moonphase - Box &...
Rp. 115,032,480
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
184
NL
Chopard d'oro Luna 'Perpetual Calendar' Retrograde moonphase,...
TOP
Chopard d'oro Luna 'Perpetual Calendar' Retrograde moonphase,...
Rp. 226,498,064
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Vintage Times Amsterdam
34
NL
Tudor Heritage Advisor 79620TN
TOP
Tudor Heritage Advisor 79620TN
Rp. 61,081,916
Seller
Chase Hattan
26
UK
Ulysse Nardin San Marco GMT
Ulysse Nardin San Marco GMT
Rp. 47,261,408
Free shipping
Seller
A. Grimmeissen Uhren An- und Verkauf
282
DE
Sinn 958 Fulda Challenge limited edition Nr. 1 von 250
TOP
Sinn 958 Fulda Challenge limited edition Nr. 1 von 250
Rp. 80,255,224
Seller
Classic Watch
22
DE
Nomos Tangomat GMT - refurbished
Straight from the manufacturer
Nomos Tangomat GMT - refurbished
Rp. 56,357,000
BrandBoutique Member
NOMOS Glashütte
  • 30
  • 60
  • 120

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.

Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.

Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.

Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.

Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.

In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.

In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.

However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.

If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.

The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.

The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.

There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.

Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.

Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.

Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.

The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.

The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.

Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.

Do you have any questions?