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Breitling Headwind A45355 Very good Steel 43mm Automatic
TOP
Breitling Headwind Day Date Special Black Dial
Rp. 52,218,888
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
267
US
Patek Philippe World Time 5110J-001 Very good Yellow gold 37mm Automatic
TOP
Patek Philippe World Time 5110J-001
Rp. 333,567,328
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
472
UK
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Tourbillon 26347PT.OO.D315CR.01 Unworn Platinum Automatic
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Tourbillon
Rp. 4,024,335,616
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
267
US
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Selfwinding 15400ST.OO.1220ST.02 New Steel 41mm Automatic
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak 41mm Stainless Steel White Dial...
Rp. 350,910,944
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
267
US
Breguet Classique Complications 5317BR/12/9V6 New Rose gold 39mm Automatic
TOP
Breguet Classique Tourbillon, new official retail price:...
Rp. 1,133,068,032
Verified Dealer
36
CH
Zenith Defy 95.9000.670/78.R782 Very good Titanium 41mm Automatic Indonesia, 12780
Zenith Defy Classic
Rp. 65,553,428
Private Seller
ID
Rolex Lady-Datejust 179179 New White gold 26mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Lady-Datejust President Mother or Pearl 179179White Gold
Rp. 152,827,280
Verified Dealer
602
US
F.P.Journe Octa AR G 40 A Very good Rose gold 40mm Automatic
TOP
F.P.Journe Octa Automatique Reserve AR G 40 A
Rp. 375,279,744
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
719
US
Rolex Yacht-Master 16628 Very good Yellow gold 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Yacht-Master Yellow Gold 16628
Rp. 277,224,448
Verified Dealer
715
NL
Rado 56-H Very good Yellow gold 35mm Automatic
TOP
Rado Chronometre 56-H Mark I
Rp. 97,120,128
Verified Dealer
21
CH
Rolex Datejust 278381RBR New Gold/Steel 31mm Automatic
Rolex Datejust 31mm Jubilee 278381RBR Chocolate Roman Dial
Rp. 242,504,528
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
408
US
Sinn 903 903.040 New Steel 41mm Automatic
TOP
Sinn 903 ST
Rp. 45,560,560
Verified Dealer
75
DE
Franck Muller Master Banker 6850mb Very good Steel 35mm Automatic
TOP
Franck Muller Master Banker on Steel Triple Time Zone Date -...
Rp. 73,360,224
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
563
NL
Hublot Big Bang 41 mm 341.PX.7518.VR.1975 New Rose gold 41mm Automatic
TOP
Hublot Zebra Bang, limited edit., official retail price:...
Rp. 330,783,936
Verified Dealer
36
CH
Ball Engineer Master II Diver DM3020A-SAJ-BK Good Steel 42mm Automatic Indonesia, Medan
Ball Engineer Master II Diver
Rp. 18,000,000
Private Seller
ID
JeanRichard Paramount Unworn 38mm Automatic
TOP
JeanRichard Paramount Pack 3 watches
Rp. 289,579,840
Verified Dealer
186
ES
Omega Seamaster Very good Steel 34mm Automatic
TOP
Omega Seamaster Crosshair 1960's vintage mens watch Automatic Box
Rp. 22,847,076
Verified Dealer
674
UK
Hublot Big Bang 320.UI.440.RX Very good 44mm Automatic
TOP
Hublot Big Bang Mag Bang Limited Edition 320.UI.440.RX
Rp. 230,891,648
Verified Dealer
715
NL
Piaget Emperador 12336 C 516 Unworn Yellow gold 34mm Automatic
TOP
Piaget Massive Emperador, Original Diamond Set Dial and Bezel
Rp. 294,957,440
Verified Dealer
21
CH
Universal Genève Compax U-901 Unworn White gold 39mm Automatic
TOP
Universal Genève Compax Chronograph White and Yellow Gold
Rp. 111,507,544
Verified Dealer
1424
ES
Sinn 103 103.0619 New Steel 41mm Automatic
TOP
Sinn 103 St Sa RB Classic Watch Sondermodell
Rp. 37,838,436
Verified Dealer
75
DE
Rolex Yacht-Master Very good Automatic
TOP
Rolex YACHT-MASTER LADIES -18CT YELLOW GOLD – 29MM - 69628
Rp. 114,235,384
Verified Dealer
40
UK
Hublot Big Bang 342.CH.230.RW New Ceramic 41mm Automatic
TOP
Hublot Big Bang Aspen, new, official retail price: 13.900 CHF
Rp. 122,227,472
Verified Dealer
36
CH
Seiko 5 SNXJ90K1 Unworn Automatic Indonesia, Bandung
Seiko 5 SNXJ90 President Jubilee DateJust Gold Silver 7s26...
Rp. 4,163,586
Private Seller
ID
Cvstos Challenge-R New Steel 50mm Automatic
TOP
Cvstos Challenge-R 50 Chronograph 50mm Automatic Open-Worked...
Rp. 97,461,336
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
492
US
Corum Admiral's Cup AC-One 277.101.04/F373 AB12 New Titanium 45mm Automatic
TOP
Corum Admiral's Cup AC-One
Rp. 99,615,472
Verified Dealer
62
ES
IWC Big Pilot IW500402 Very good White gold 46.2mm Automatic
TOP
IWC Big Pilot IW500402 White Gold
Rp. 223,941,744
Verified Dealer
715
NL
Ebel Lichine 8964970 Very good Yellow gold 33mm Automatic
TOP
Ebel Green Ladies Lichine
Rp. 37,409,236
Verified Dealer
21
CH
Sinn EZM 3 603.010 New Steel 41mm Automatic
TOP
Sinn EZM 3
Rp. 24,401,928
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
361
LV
Sinn EZM 13 613.010 New Steel 41mm Automatic
TOP
Sinn EZM 13
Rp. 34,749,580
Verified Dealer
75
DE
Rolex Lady-Datejust Very good Automatic
TOP
Rolex LADY DATEJUST 28MM – STEEL – MOP DIAMOND DIAL – 279174
Rp. 137,813,568
Verified Dealer
40
UK
Breguet Marine 8828BR/5D/586 DD00 New Rose gold 34.6mm Automatic
TOP
Breguet Marine chronograph 35, official retail price: 64.300 CHF
Rp. 575,454,784
Verified Dealer
36
CH
Tudor Black Bay Bronze M79250BM Very good Bronze 43mm Automatic Indonesia, Denpasar
Tudor M79250BM
Rp. 37,000,000
Private Seller
ID
Zenith El Primero 03.A384.400/21.C815 New Steel 37mm Automatic
TOP
Zenith 50th El Primero Anniversary El Primero A384 Revival/In...
Rp. 95,681,312
Verified Dealer
301
CH
Corum Admiral's Cup Legend 42 984.101.20/F373 AA12 New Steel 42mm Automatic
TOP
Corum Admiral's Cup Legend 42
Rp. 56,834,868
Verified Dealer
62
ES
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Lady 26048SK Very good Steel 37mm Automatic
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Lady Offshore Chrono Diamonds 26048SK
Rp. 277,224,448
Verified Dealer
715
NL
Omega Constellation Very good Yellow gold 30mm Automatic
TOP
Omega Full Yellow Gold Vintage Constellation
Rp. 136,687,584
Verified Dealer
21
CH
Montblanc Heritage Spirit 116534 New Steel 41mm Automatic
TOP
Montblanc Heritage Spirit Orbis Terrarum Asian UNICEF Limited...
Rp. 55,599,332
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
361
LV
Hublot Big Bang Sang Bleu 415.EX.7179.VR.MXM19 New Ceramic 45mm Automatic
TOP
Hublot Big Bang Unico Sang Bleu Ceramic Blue 45 mm
Rp. 268,730,112
Verified Dealer
791
UK
Breguet 3420 Very good Platinum 36mm Automatic
TOP
Breguet Jump Hour 3420 Platinum Porcelain Dial 36mm Automatic...
Rp. 222,786,672
Verified Dealer
16
US
Jaquet-Droz New White gold 43mm Automatic
TOP
Jaquet-Droz "The Times Zones", unique piece, official price:...
Rp. 330,783,936
Verified Dealer
36
CH
Seiko 5 Snkk43k1 Unworn Steel 38mm Automatic Indonesia, Bandung
Seiko 'Nautilus' Gold Steel Two Tones SNKK43 NOS - Very Rare Item
Rp. 7,728,396
Private Seller
ID
Frederique Constant Manufacture Slimline Moonphase FC-705N4S6 New Steel 42mm Automatic
TOP
Frederique Constant Manufacture Slimline Moonphase
Rp. 38,128,640
Verified Dealer
301
CH
Ulysse Nardin Diver Chronometer U263-10.7M/92 New Steel 44mm Automatic
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Marine Dive
Rp. 96,526,616
Verified Dealer
62
ES
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph 25770BA.OO.D009XX.01 Very good Yellow gold 42mm Automatic
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Yellow Gold 25770BA "FIRST...
Rp. 613,909,248
Verified Dealer
715
NL
Piaget 8177 Very good Yellow gold 34mm Automatic
TOP
Piaget Rare Bumper Calatrava, 1952
Rp. 64,746,752
Verified Dealer
21
CH
Franck Muller 2000SR Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Franck Muller Like New Bi Retrograde Transamerica Master Of...
Rp. 50,888,832
Verified Dealer
460
ES
Breguet Marine 3460 Very good Yellow gold 35.5mm Automatic
TOP
Breguet Marine Chronograph3460 18 KT. Gold Automatic
Rp. 221,577,760
Verified Dealer
124
CH
Zenith El Primero Original 1969 03.2150.400/69.C713 New Steel 38mm Automatic
TOP
Zenith El Primero Original 1969 38 mm
Rp. 81,082,352
Verified Dealer
791
UK
Tudor Prince Date 94510 Very good Steel 36mm Automatic Indonesia, PEKANBARU
Tudor OYSTER PRINCE 94510 DATE DAY GOLD DIAL
Rp. 21,723,058
Private Seller
ID
Rolex Lady-Datejust Pearlmaster 80285 New Rose gold 29mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Lady-Datejust Pearlmaster, official retail price: 82.400...
Rp. 790,629,760
Verified Dealer
36
CH
Seiko 5 SNXJ94K Unworn Automatic Indonesia, Bandung
Seiko 5 SNXJ94K1 All Gold Homage Fluted Bezel SNXJ94 Automatic...
Rp. 4,163,586
Private Seller
ID
TAG Heuer Carrera CBG2A10.FT6168 New Steel 45mm Automatic
TAG Heuer Carrera Heuer 02 CBG2A10.FT6168
Rp. 51,985,372
Verified Dealer
1964
MC
Seiko 5 SNXJ92K Unworn Automatic Indonesia, Bandung
Seiko 5 SNXJ92K1 Date Just Fluted Bezel President 7S26...
Rp. 4,163,586
Private Seller
ID
Seiko 5 Sports SRP785K1 Unworn Steel 44mm Automatic Indonesia, Bandung
Seiko 5 Mountain Fuji Limited Edition with Football Star Sign
Rp. 5,556,090
Private Seller
ID
Seiko Superior SRP451K1 Unworn Automatic Indonesia, Bandung
Seiko SRP451K1 Blue Monster Limited Edition Superior 4R35...
Rp. 5,361,140
Private Seller
ID
Breguet Reine de Naples 8918BA58864 Very good Yellow gold 36.5mm Automatic
TOP
Breguet Reine de Naples 8918BA58864
Rp. 306,568,512
Verified Dealer
715
NL
IWC 1830 Very good Steel 35mm Automatic
TOP
IWC Vintage Steel Bracelet Golf Club, cal 8541 B
Rp. 62,588,524
Verified Dealer
21
CH
Seiko 5 Sports SRP783K Unworn Automatic Indonesia, Bandung
Seiko SRP783K1 Limited Edition 5 Sports Mt. Fuji
Rp. 4,163,586
Private Seller
ID
Breitling Transocean Chronograph 38 A4131053/C862 New Steel 38mm Automatic
TOP
Breitling Transocean Chronograph 38, diam. bezel, new, closing...
Rp. 85,609,592
Verified Dealer
36
CH
Breguet Marine 5817ST/92/5V8 New Steel 39mm Automatic
TOP
Breguet Marine
Rp. 178,844,512
Verified Dealer
791
UK
Breguet Reine de Naples 8918BR/58/J20 Very good Rose gold 36mm Automatic
TOP
Breguet Reine De Naples 8918br/58/j20.d000 Rose Gold 36.5mm
Rp. 503,585,856
Verified Dealer
589
CH
Sinn 903 903.045 New Steel 41mm Automatic
TOP
Sinn 903 St B E
Rp. 44,633,908
Verified Dealer
75
DE
Seiko Superior SRP510K1 Unworn Automatic Indonesia, Bandung
Seiko SRP510 STARGATE II Superior Gold Black Limited Diver...
Rp. 5,361,140
Private Seller
ID
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  • 120

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.


Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.

Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.

Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.


Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.

In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.

In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.

However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.

If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.

The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.


The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.

There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.

Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.

Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.

Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.


The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.

The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.

Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.


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