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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
Rp. 385,108,896
Seller
LUXE WARE (HK) LIMITED
64
HK
Rolex 18K/SS GMT-Master ll Gold-Thru Buckle SEL 16713 model
TOP
Rolex 18K/SS GMT-Master ll Gold-Thru Buckle SEL 16713 model
Rp. 110,401,552
Seller
Austins Watches Inc.
188
US
Zenith EL PRIMERO TOURBILLON
TOP
Zenith EL PRIMERO TOURBILLON
Rp. 557,821,568
Seller
ZEGG & CERLATI
47
MC
Mb&f HM6 Space Pirate RT
TOP
Mb&f HM6 Space Pirate RT
Rp. 2,222,850,048
Seller
Private Seller
ID
De Grisogono UNO GS N08 Or 18 KT. Bruni
TOP
De Grisogono UNO GS N08 Or 18 KT. Bruni
Rp. 147,123,952
Seller
Bijouterie-Horlogerie Langel
47
CH
Seiko Prospex
Seiko Prospex
Rp. 11,114,250
Seller
Private Seller
ID
Seiko Automatic Chronograph
Seiko Automatic Chronograph
Rp. 7,409,500
Seller
Private Seller
ID
Omega De Ville Prestige 18K Gold Luxusuhr Goldband Unisex...
TOP
Omega De Ville Prestige 18K Gold Luxusuhr Goldband Unisex...
Rp. 117,419,360
Seller
Uhrenkapital
319
DE
Mb&f HM 4 THUNDERBOLT RT
TOP
Mb&f HM 4 THUNDERBOLT RT
Rp. 2,222,850,048
Seller
Private Seller
ID
Rolex Daytona
Rolex Daytona
Rp. 308,235,200
Seller
Private Seller
ID
Patek Philippe Aquanaut 5167 Roze Gold NEW
TOP
Patek Philippe Aquanaut 5167 Roze Gold NEW
Rp. 562,015,808
Seller
Juwelier Burger, since 2001
687
NL
Breguet SECRET DE LA REINE
TOP
Breguet SECRET DE LA REINE
Rp. 1,476,339,968
Seller
ZEGG & CERLATI
47
MC
Perrelet Turbine Macau  (Limited Edition)
TOP
Perrelet Turbine Macau (Limited Edition)
Rp. 68,784,016
Free shipping
Seller
Istock LTD
99
LV
IWC vintage automatic Cal 854B Stainless Steel from 1971
TOP
IWC vintage automatic Cal 854B Stainless Steel from 1971
Rp. 25,148,108
Seller
qualityextra
12
HU
Corum AdmiralS.C.One
TOP
Corum AdmiralS.C.One
Rp. 92,271,248
Seller
CANTELI JOYEROS SL
5
ES
Chopard L.U.C Lunar One 161927-1001
TOP
Chopard L.U.C Lunar One 161927-1001
Rp. 552,788,608
Seller
Watchdeals
165
NL
Rolex LADY PEARLMASTER DATEJUST MASTERPIECE GOLD DIAMANT DIAMOND
TOP
Rolex LADY PEARLMASTER DATEJUST MASTERPIECE GOLD DIAMANT DIAMOND
Rp. 301,810,848
Seller
Timeless Watches GmbH
216
DE
Vacheron Constantin Overseas Chronograph 42mm Silver Dial NEW
TOP
Vacheron Constantin Overseas Chronograph 42mm Silver Dial NEW
Rp. 260,037,152
Seller
Timepiece Bank
376
BE
Rolex NEW Rolex 126711CHNR NEW GMT Master II SS/18K ROOT BEER
TOP
Rolex NEW Rolex 126711CHNR NEW GMT Master II SS/18K ROOT BEER
Rp. 251,908,192
Seller
WearingTime LLC
14
US
Richard Mille RM 030 TI
TOP
Richard Mille RM 030 TI
Rp. 1,478,670,080
Seller
TimeWorld
32
CH
Audemars Piguet Extra flat Automatik. 0750/ooo Yellowgold
TOP
Audemars Piguet Extra flat Automatik. 0750/ooo Yellowgold
Rp. 60,395,724
Seller
Juwelier Pichler / Filiale Innenstadt
23
DE
Richard Mille RM010 Le Mans Classic Limited Edition 30 pcs
TOP
Richard Mille RM010 Le Mans Classic Limited Edition 30 pcs
Price on request
Seller
AP Watches
 
ES
Chopard L.U.C Pink Gold chrono One 22000ht
TOP
Chopard L.U.C Pink Gold chrono One 22000ht
Rp. 432,836,000
Seller
RIVIERAWATCH
90
FR
Breguet Type XX Transatlantique Chronograph Black Dial
TOP
Breguet Type XX Transatlantique Chronograph Black Dial
Rp. 70,377,792
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
136
NL
De Grisogono Uno DF S29
TOP
De Grisogono Uno DF S29
Rp. 467,228,032
Seller
Watchdeals
165
NL
Daniel Roth Automatik GMT, Calendar 238 ST Stahl/Leder, Box
TOP
Daniel Roth Automatik GMT, Calendar 238 ST Stahl/Leder, Box
Rp. 61,234,552
Seller
Dreamwatch Uhrenhandel
193
DE
Ulysse Nardin Maxi Marine Diver 200m 45mm NEW
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Maxi Marine Diver 200m 45mm NEW
Rp. 100,491,776
Seller
Timepiece Bank
376
BE
Chanel J12 DIAMOND
TOP
Chanel J12 DIAMOND
Rp. 58,718,068
Seller
ANNIBALI&CO
92
IT
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Summer edition  26408OR.OO....
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Summer edition 26408OR.OO....
Rp. 815,869,184
Seller
TimeWorld
32
CH
F.P.Journe Octa Calendrier Platinum LE NEW
TOP
F.P.Journe Octa Calendrier Platinum LE NEW
Rp. 669,385,984
Seller
Noblesse LP
80
UK
Rolex Unpolished 18K Gold Day-Date Factory 8+2 Champagne Dial
TOP
Rolex Unpolished 18K Gold Day-Date Factory 8+2 Champagne Dial
Rp. 207,391,920
Seller
Austins Watches Inc.
188
US
Hublot Unico Red Sapphire
TOP
Hublot Unico Red Sapphire
Rp. 885,803,968
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
430
UK
Montblanc Meisterstuck Star Ref. 7016 Chronograph Gold Plated
TOP
Montblanc Meisterstuck Star Ref. 7016 Chronograph Gold Plated
Rp. 20,970,738
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
136
NL
Audemars Piguet QE II Cup Ref-15334OROO 18k Rose Gold Limited...
TOP
Audemars Piguet QE II Cup Ref-15334OROO 18k Rose Gold Limited...
Rp. 258,023,968
Seller
Bachmann & Scher
59
DE
Chopard Mille Miglia Monaco Historique 2010 box & papers complete
TOP
Chopard Mille Miglia Monaco Historique 2010 box & papers complete
Rp. 73,314,048
Seller
Vintage & Prestige
21
UK
Seiko Prospex Turtle PADI SRPA21K
Seiko Prospex Turtle PADI SRPA21K
Rp. 4,564,252
Seller
JAMWATCHES
ID
Longines ultra chron
TOP
Longines ultra chron
Rp. 22,312,864
Seller
ANNIBALI&CO
92
IT
Cvstos Jetliner
TOP
Cvstos Jetliner
Rp. 214,875,504
Seller
VI Watch Guy
80
VI
Breguet Marine Chronograph/In Stock/An Lager
TOP
Breguet Marine Chronograph/In Stock/An Lager
Rp. 296,477,056
Seller
Ronald Grob, Exklusive Zeitmesser
109
CH
Rolex 2009 34mm SS Air-King w/ Inner Bezel Engraving 11420 model
TOP
Rolex 2009 34mm SS Air-King w/ Inner Bezel Engraving 11420 model
Rp. 54,756,204
Seller
Austins Watches Inc.
188
US
Franck Muller Round Double Mystery
TOP
Franck Muller Round Double Mystery
Rp. 928,584,256
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
430
UK
Ulysse Nardin Nardin Marine Chronometer 43mm Blue Dial - FULL SET
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Nardin Marine Chronometer 43mm Blue Dial - FULL SET
Rp. 65,428,704
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
136
NL
Sinn 104 St Sa I W
TOP
Sinn 104 St Sa I W
Rp. 22,648,398
Seller
Classic Watch
19
DE
Rolex Ladies 18K/SS Oyster Perpetual - Blue Vignette Diamond...
TOP
Rolex Ladies 18K/SS Oyster Perpetual - Blue Vignette Diamond...
Rp. 39,937,204
Free shipping
Seller
LovinTyme
87
US
Hublot King Power F1 India,  Ltd Edition, Box & Papers
TOP
Hublot King Power F1 India, Ltd Edition, Box & Papers
Rp. 310,573,024
Seller
Tempvs Ltd
106
UK
Seiko Prospex SRPC93 Samurai Save The Ocean Special Edition
Seiko Prospex SRPC93 Samurai Save The Ocean Special Edition
Rp. 6,298,075
Seller
JAMWATCHES
ID
Rolex Day-Date 40 Everose-Gold 228345RBR Choco Diamant
TOP
Rolex Day-Date 40 Everose-Gold 228345RBR Choco Diamant
Rp. 663,681,920
Seller
Uhren2000 GmbH
339
DE
Glashütte Original Glashutte Original PanomaticReserve...
TOP
Glashütte Original Glashutte Original PanomaticReserve...
Rp. 368,993,088
Seller
Metals In Time
5
US
Rolex SS 26mm Datejust Black Roman Sunburst w/ Customized...
TOP
Rolex SS 26mm Datejust Black Roman Sunburst w/ Customized...
Rp. 103,658,904
Seller
Austins Watches Inc.
188
US
Blancpain Ultraplate
TOP
Blancpain Ultraplate
Rp. 100,659,536
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
430
UK
Zenith El Primero Chronomaster Ref. 03.0240.4021/02.C495
TOP
Zenith El Primero Chronomaster Ref. 03.0240.4021/02.C495
Rp. 48,652,112
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
136
NL
Tudor Heritage Advisor 79620TN
TOP
Tudor Heritage Advisor 79620TN
Rp. 56,467,820
Seller
Chase Hattan
21
UK
Omega Vintage 1967 Mens Seamaster Cosmic Automatic Watch Cal 565
TOP
Omega Vintage 1967 Mens Seamaster Cosmic Automatic Watch Cal 565
Rp. 15,039,262
Seller
Fine Auction Club
150
UK
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Lady
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Lady
Rp. 587,180,672
Seller
GCO srl
 
IT
Seiko SKX007K2
Seiko SKX007K2
Rp. 3,452,827
Seller
JAMWATCHES
ID
Piaget 13432
TOP
Piaget 13432
Rp. 58,718,068
Seller
TIMEMILLENIUM, S.L.
24
ES
Corum Admirals Cup Challenger 44
TOP
Corum Admirals Cup Challenger 44
Rp. 90,395,896
Seller
Shiva's Gold and Gems
 
AN
Rolex 18K/SS  DATEJUST Custom Black Onyx - Leather Band -...
TOP
Rolex 18K/SS DATEJUST Custom Black Onyx - Leather Band -...
Rp. 53,274,304
Seller
Austins Watches Inc.
188
US
IWC Big Pilot’s Heritage
TOP
IWC Big Pilot’s Heritage
Rp. 199,641,424
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
430
UK
Glashütte Original Senator Ref. 39-44-03-11-04 18K Rose Gold...
TOP
Glashütte Original Senator Ref. 39-44-03-11-04 18K Rose Gold...
Rp. 133,373,888
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
136
NL
Tudor Prince Oysterdate Automatic Roll Gold Steel ROLEX Case...
TOP
Tudor Prince Oysterdate Automatic Roll Gold Steel ROLEX Case...
Rp. 18,803,784
Seller
Watch World Star
243
UK
Hublot Spirit of Big Bang All Black 42mm
TOP
Hublot Spirit of Big Bang All Black 42mm
Rp. 296,477,056
Seller
Ronald Grob, Exklusive Zeitmesser
109
CH
  • 30
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Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.

Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.
Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.
Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.

Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.
In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.
In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.
However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.
If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.
The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.

The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.
There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.
Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.
Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.
Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.

The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.
The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.
Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.

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